See our new short film ‘Britain in Palestine 1917-1948’
Mindful of centuries of European persecution of the Jewish people
and the continuing plight of the Palestinian people,
The Balfour Project
invites the government and people of the United Kingdom to mark the
centenary of the Balfour Declaration on 2nd November 2017 by:
• learning what the Balfour Declaration means for both Jews and Arabs
• acknowledging that whilst a homeland for the Jewish people has been achieved, the promise to protect the rights of the Palestinian people has not yet been fulfilled.
• urging the people and elected representatives of the UK to take effective action to promote justice, security and peace for both peoples.
IN November 1917 the government of Britain issued the Balfour Declaration which promised a homeland for the Jewish people in Palestine whilst also promising to protect the rights of the existing indigenous Arab population. However, in 1915 Britain had already promised the Arabs that after the war they would be granted independence in their lands, including Palestine.
Then in 1922 the League of Nations gave Britain the Mandate to administer Palestine, requiring her to implement the Balfour Declaration, and to prepare Palestine for independence. Subsequent British governments upheld the promise to create a Jewish homeland but reneged on the promise to protect the rights of the Arab majority.
Thus, a homeland for the Jewish people has been achieved but the League’s sacred trust to facilitate Palestinian independence is still to be fulfilled.
Almost a hundred years ago the stage was set for a struggle to control the land that has intensified from that day to this.
The Balfour Project was created by British citizens to highlight Britain’s record in Palestine before and during its Mandate.
The historical record shows a string of broken British promises.
They principally include:
- 1915 McMahon-Hussein correspondence – Britain offered Sharif Hussein of Mecca an Arab State including Palestine
- 1916 Sykes-Picot Agreement – Britain and France made a secret agreement to divide up the Middle East between them
- 1917 Balfour Declaration – Britain, in promising support for a Jewish homeland in Palestine also promised to safeguard the rights of the Arab population
- 1918 Anglo-French Declaration - Britain and France promised independence to the former subjects of the Ottoman Turks, including Palestine
- 1922 Palestine Mandate - Britain promised the League of Nations that it would prepare Palestine for independence, but failed to do so.
- 1939 White Paper - Jewish opinion regarded this as a betrayal by Britain, and a retreat from the Balfour Declaration.
- 1948 Mandate Surrendered – Britain abandoned its pledge to protect Palestinian rights by withdrawing its forces leading to 750,000 Palestinians becoming refugees.
We highlight these in the belief that the acknowledgement of wrong-doing is the first step towards rebuilding trust.